1683 Izaak Walton (died), English author (born 1593)
1791 The United States Bill of Rights becomes law when ratified by the Virginia General Assembly.
1832 Gustave Eiffel (born), French engineer and architect, co-designed the Eiffel Tower (died 1923)
1852 Henri Becquerel (born), French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1908)
1855 Jacques Charles François Sturm (died), French mathematician (born 1803)
1861 Charles Duryea (born), American engineer, co-founded the Duryea Motor Wagon Company (died 1938)
1878 Alfred Bird, English chemist (died), invented baking powder (born 1811)
1890 Sitting Bull (died), American tribal chief (born 1831)
1892 J. Paul Getty (born), American businessman, founded Getty Oil (died 1976)
1906 The London Underground’s Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway opens.
1907 Oscar Niemeyer (born), Brazilian architect, designed the United Nations Headquarters and Cathedral of Brasília (died 2012)
1933 The Twenty-first Amendment to the United States Constitution officially becomes effective, repealing the Eighteenth Amendment that prohibited the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol.
1939 Gone with the Wind receives its premiere at Loew’s Grand Theatre in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.
1943 Fats Waller (died), American singer-songwriter and pianist (born 1904)
1944 Glenn Miller (died), American bandleader and composer (born 1904)
1945 General Douglas MacArthur orders that Shinto be abolished as the state religion of Japan.
1946 Carmine Appice (born), American singer-songwriter and drummer (Vanilla Fudge, Beck, Bogert & Appice, and Cactus)
1949 Don Johnson (born), American actor and singer
1961 In Jerusalem, Israel Adolf Eichmann is sentenced to death after being found guilty of 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people and membership of an outlawed organization.
1965 Gemini 6A, crewed by Wally Schirra and Thomas Stafford, is launched from Cape Kennedy, Florida. Four orbits later, it achieves the first space rendezvous, with Gemini 7.
1966 Walt Disney (died), American animator, director, screenwriter, and producer, co-founded The Walt Disney Company (born 1901)
1973 John Paul Getty III, grandson of American billionaire J. Paul Getty, is found alive near Naples, Italy, after being kidnapped by an Italian gang on July 10, 1973.
1973 The American Psychiatric Association votes 13–0 to remove homosexuality from its official list of psychiatric disorders, the DSM-II.
2000 The 3rd reactor at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant is shut down.
2001 The Leaning Tower of Pisa reopens after 11 years and $27,000,000 to fortify it, without fixing its famous lean.
2005 Introduction of the F-22 Raptor into USAF active service.
2005 William Proxmire (died), American politician (born 1915)
2009 Boeing’s new Boeing 787 Dreamliner makes its maiden flight from Seattle, Washington.
2009 Oral Roberts (died), American evangelist and author (born 1918)
2010 Blake Edwards (died), American director, screenwriter, and producer (born 1922)
2010 Bob Feller (died), American baseball player (born 1918)
2011 Christopher Hitchens (died), English-American journalist (born 1949)