217 Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated (and succeeded) by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius
1093 The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by Walkelin.
1320 Peter I of Portugal (born) (died 1367)
1364 John II of France (died) (born 1319)
1461 Georg von Peuerbach (died), German mathematician and astronomer (born 1423)
1541 Michele Mercati (born), Italian physician (died 1593)
1605 Philip IV of Spain (born) (died 1665)
1612 Anne Catherine of Brandenburg (died) (born 1575)
1691 Carlo Rainaldi (died), Italian architect, designed the Santa Maria dei Miracoli and Santa Maria in Montesanto (born 1611)
1730 Shearith Israel, the first synagogue in New York City, is dedicated.
1732 David Rittenhouse (born), American astronomer and mathematician (died 1796)
1761 William Joseph Chaminade (born), French priest, founded the Society of Mary (died 1850)
1808 The Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore is promoted to an archdiocese, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville) by Pope Pius VII.
1818 August Wilhelm von Hofmann (born), German chemist (died 1892)
1820 The Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos.
1832 Black Hawk War: Around three-hundred United States 6th Infantry troops leave St. Louis, Missouri to fight the Sauk Native Americans.
1861 Elisha Otis (died), American businessman, founded the Otis Elevator Company (born 1811)
1869 Harvey Williams Cushing (born), American surgeon (died 1939)
1886 William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.
1889 Adrian Boult (born), English conductor (died 1983)
1892 Mary Pickford (born), Canadian-American actress, co-founded United Artists (died 1979)
1895 In Pollock v. Farmers’ Loan & Trust Co. the Supreme Court of the United States declares unapportioned income tax to be unconstitutional.
1904 Longacre Square in Midtown Manhattan is renamed Times Square after The New York Times.
1906 Auguste Deter (died), German woman, first person diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease (born 1850)
1906 Auguste Deter, the first person to be diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, dies.
1908 Harvard University votes to establish the Harvard Business School.
1911 Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes discovers superconductivity.
1913 The 17th Amendment to the United States Constitution, requiring direct election of Senators, becomes law.
1918 Betty Ford (born), American wife of Gerald R. Ford, 40th First Lady of the United States (died 2011)
1918 World War I: Actors Douglas Fairbanks and Charlie Chaplin sell war bonds on the streets of New York City’s financial district.
1920 Carmen McRae (born), American singer-songwriter, pianist, and actress (died 1994)
1926 Shecky Greene (born), American comedian and actor
1929 Jacques Brel (born), Belgian singer-songwriter and actor (died 1978)
1935 The Works Progress Administration is formed when the Emergency Relief Appropriation Act of 1935 becomes law.
1937 Seymour Hersh (born), American journalist and author
1942 World War II: The Japanese take Bataan in the Philippines.
1943 U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases by common carriers and public utilities.
1945 Derrick Walker (born), English mechanic and businessman
1946 Électricité de France, the world’s largest utility company, is formed as a result of the nationalization of a number of electricity producers, transporters and distributors.
1947 Tom DeLay (born), American politician
1950 Vaslav Nijinsky (died), Polish dancer and choreographer (born 1890)
1951 Mel Schacher (born), American bass player (Question Mark & the Mysterians and Grand Funk Railroad)
1952 U.S. President Harry Truman calls for the seizure of all domestic steel mills to prevent a nationwide strike.
1953 Mau Mau leader Jomo Kenyatta is convicted by Kenya’s British rulers.
1955 Barbara Kingsolver (born), American author and poet
1959 A team of computer manufacturers, users, and university people led by Grace Hopper meets to discuss the creation of a new programming language that would be called COBOL.
1962 Izzy Stradlin (born), American guitarist and songwriter (Guns N’ Roses and Hollywood Rose)
1962 Paddy Lowe (born), English engineer
1963 Julian Lennon (born), English singer-songwriter, actor, and photographer
1966 Mark Blundell (born), English race car driver
1973 Pablo Picasso (died), Spanish painter and sculptor (born 1881)
1974 At Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium, Hank Aaron hits his 715th career home run to surpass Babe Ruth’s 39-year-old record.
1975 Frank Robinson manages the Cleveland Indians in his first game as major league baseball’s first African American manager.
1992 Retired tennis great Arthur Ashe announces that he has AIDS, acquired from blood transfusions during one of his two heart surgeries.
1996 George W. Jenkins (died), American businessman and philanthropist, founded Publix Super Markets (born 1907)
1997 Laura Nyro (died), American singer-songwriter and pianist (born 1947)
2004 Darfur conflict: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups.
2005 Over four million people attend the funeral of Pope John Paul II.
2008 The construction of the world’s first building to integrate wind turbines is completed in Bahrain.
2013 Annette Funicello (died), American actress and singer (born 1942)
2013 Margaret Thatcher (died), English politician, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (born 1925)