83 BC Mark Antony (born), Roman general and politician (died 30 BCE)
1514 Pope Leo X issues a papal bull against slavery.
1539 Spain annexes Cuba.
1639 The “Fundamental Orders”, the first written constitution that created a government, is adopted in Connecticut.
1741 Benedict Arnold (born), American-English general (died 1801)
1742 Edmond Halley (died), English astronomer, geophysicist, mathematician, meteorologist, and physicist (born 1656)
1767 Maria Theresa of Austria (born) (died 1827)
1784 American Revolutionary War: Ratification Day, United States – Congress ratifies the Treaty of Paris with Great Britain.
1858 Napoleon III of France escapes an assassination attempt.
1883 Nina Ricci (born), Italian-French fashion designer (died 1970)
1892 Hal Roach (born), American actor, director, and producer (died 1992)
1904 Emily Hahn (born), American journalist and author (died 1997)
1906 William Bendix (born), American actor (died 1964)
1907 An earthquake in Kingston, Jamaica kills more than 1,000.
1911 Roald Amundsen’s South Pole expedition makes landfall on the eastern edge of the Ross Ice Shelf.
1915 Mark Goodson (born), American game show producer, created Family Feud and The Price Is Right (died 1992)
1917 Billy Butterfield (born), American trumpet player (died 1988)
1919 Andy Rooney (born), American journalist (died 2011)
1932 Don Garlits (born), American race car driver
1938 Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica.
1940 Julian Bond (born), American activist and politician
1941 Faye Dunaway (born), American actress
1943 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill begin the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategy and study the next phase of the war.
1943 World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes the first President of the United States to travel by airplane while in office when he travels from Miami to Morocco to meet with Winston Churchill.
1943 World War II: Japan begins Operation Ke, the successful operation to evacuate its forces from Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal Campaign.
1948 T-Bone Burnett (born), American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Alpha Band)
1949 Lamar Williams (born), American musician, most known as the bassist for The Allman Brothers Band and Seal Level (died 1983)
1949 Lawrence Kasdan (born), American director
1950 The first prototype of the MiG-17 makes its maiden flight.
1952 Maureen Dowd (born), American columnist and author
1952 NBC’s long-running morning news program Today debuts, with host Dave Garroway.
1954 The Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation forming the American Motors Corporation.
1957 Humphrey Bogart (died), American actor (born 1899)
1963 Steven Soderbergh (born), American director, screenwriter, and producer
1965 Jeanette MacDonald (died), American actress and singer (born 1903)
1967 The Human Be-In, takes place in San Francisco, California’s Golden Gate Park, launching the Summer of Love.
1969 An accidental explosion aboard the USS Enterprise near Hawaii kills 27 people.
1969 Dave Grohl (born), American singer-songwriter, musician, and director (Nirvana, Foo Fighters, Them Crooked Vultures, Scream, Dain Bramage, andKilling Joke)
1973 Elvis Presley’s concert Aloha from Hawaii is broadcast live via satellite, and sets the record as the most watched broadcast by an individual entertainer in television history.
1975 Teenage heiress Lesley Whittle is kidnapped by Donald Neilson, aka “the Black Panther”.
1977 Anaïs Nin (died), French author (born 1903)
1978 Harold Abrahams (died), English Sprinter, lawyer, and journalist (born 1899)
1978 Kurt Gödel (died), Austrian-American mathematician and philosopher (born 1906)
1984 Ray Kroc (died), American businessman (born 1902)
1986 Donna Reed (died), American actress (born 1921)
1999 Toronto Mayor Mel Lastman becomes the first mayor in Canada to call in the Army to help with emergency medical evacuations and snow removal after more than one meter of snow paralyzes the city.
2004 The national flag of The Republic of Georgia, the so-called “five cross flag”, is restored to official use after a hiatus of some 500 years.
2005 The Huygens probe lands on Saturn’s moon Titan.
2006 Shelley Winters (died), American actress (born 1920)
2009 Ricardo Montalbán (died), Mexican actor (born 1920)
2010 Yemen declares an open war against the terrorist group al-Qaeda.
2011 The former president of Tunisia, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, fled to Saudi Arabia after a series of street demonstrations against his regime and corrupt policies. These demonstrations are the anniversary of the Tunisian Revolution and the birth of the Arab Spring.
2012 The Doomsday Clock is set to five minutes to midnight (11:55 pm)