47 BCCaesarion (born), Egyptian king (died 30 BC)
79 Vespasian (died), Roman emperor (born 9)
1611 The mutinous crew of Henry Hudson’s fourth voyage sets Henry, his son and seven loyal crew members adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay; they are never heard from again.
1661 Marriage contract between Charles II of England and Catherine of Braganza.
1683 William Penn signs a friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape Indians in Pennsylvania.
1685 Antonio Bernacchi (born), Italian soprano and composer (died 1756)
1707 John Mill (died), English theologian (born 1645)
1713 The French residents of Acadia are given one year to declare allegiance to Britain or leave Nova Scotia, Canada.
1794 Empress Catherine II of Russia grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev.
1806 Mathurin Jacques Brisson (died), French zoologist and philosopher (born 1723)
1810 John Jacob Astor forms the Pacific Fur Company.
1812 War of 1812: Great Britain revokes the restrictions on American commerce, thus eliminating one of the chief reasons for going to war.
1832 Sir James Hall (died), 4th Baronet, Scottish geologist (born 1761)
1860 The United States Congress establishes the Government Printing Office.
1860 The United States Congress establishes the Secret Service.
1868 Christopher Latham Sholes received a patent for an invention he called the “Type-Writer.”
1887 The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada creating the nation’s first national park, Banff National Park.
1894 Alfred Kinsey (born), American entomologist and sexologist (died 1956)
1894 Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (born) (died 1972)
1894 The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne in Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
1912 Alan Turing (born), English mathematician and computer scientist (died 1954)
1914 Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa takes Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta.
1925 Art Modell (born), American businessman (died 2012)
1925 Miriam Karlin (born), English actress (died 2011)
1926 The College Board administers the first SAT exam.
1929 June Carter Cash (born), American singer-songwriter and actress (Carter Family and The Carter Sisters) (died 2003)
1931 Gunnar Uusi (born), Estonian chess player (died 1981)
1937 Niki Sullivan (born), American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Crickets) (died 2004)
1938 The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States.
1940 Stuart Sutcliffe (born), Scottish-English bass player (The Beatles) (died 1962)
1940 Wilma Rudolph (born), American runner (died 1994)
1941 Robert Hunter (born), American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Grateful Dead)
1941 Roger McDonald (born), Australian author
1942 World War II: Germany’s latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW 190, is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales.
1944 Rosetta Hightower (born), American singer (The Orlons)
1947 The United States Senate follows the United States House of Representatives in overriding U.S. President Harry Truman’s veto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
1955 Maggie Greenwald (born), American director and screenwriter
1958 The Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers.
1959 Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison and allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany where he resumes a scientific career.
1960 The United States Food and Drug Administration declares Enovid to be the first officially approved combined oral contraceptive pill in the world.
1961 Cold War: the Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve and bans military activity on the continent, comes into force after the opening date for signature set for the December 1, 1959.
1969 IBM announced that effective January 1970 it would price its software and services separately from hardware thus creating the modern software industry.
1969 Warren E. Burger is sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court by retiring Chief Justice Earl Warren.
1972 Title IX of the United States Civil Rights Act of 1964 is amended to prohibit sexual discrimination to any educational program receiving federal funds.
1972 Watergate Scandal: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s investigation into the Watergate break-ins.
1995 Jonas Salk (died), American biologist and physician (born 1914)
1997 Betty Shabazz (died), American educator and activist (born 1936)
1998 Maureen O’Sullivan (died), Irish-American actress and singer (born 1911)
2000 Peter L. Pond (died), American clergyman, activist, and philanthropist (born 1933)
2005 Shana Alexander (died), American journalist (born 1926)
2006 Aaron Spelling (died), American actor, producer, and screenwriter, founded Spelling Television (born 1923)
2009 Ed McMahon (died), American game show host and announcer (born 1923)
2011 Peter Falk (died), American actor (born 1927)
2012 Ashton Eaton breaks the decathlon world record at the United States Olympic Trials.
2012 Frank Chee Willeto (died), American politician, 4th Vice President of the Navajo Nation (born 1925)