1577 Sir Francis Drake sets sail from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.
1636 The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the National Guard of the United States.
1642 Abel Tasman reaches New Zealand.
1769 Dartmouth College is founded by Reverend Eleazar Wheelock, with a royal charter from King George III, on land donated by Royal governor John Wentworth.
1784 Samuel Johnson (died), English poet and lexicographer (born 1709)
1809 Dr. Ephraim McDowell performed the first ovariotomy, removing a 22 pound tumor.
1816 Ernst Werner von Siemens (born), German engineer, inventor, and industrialist (died 1892)
1818 Mary Todd Lincoln (born), American wife of Abraham Lincoln, 17th First Lady of the United States (died 1882)
1902 Talcott Parsons (born), American sociologist (died 1979)
1903 Carlos Montoya (born), Spanish guitarist and composer (died 1993)
1906 Laurens van der Post (born), South African author (died 1996)
1924 Samuel Gompers (died), English-American labor leader (born 1850)
1948 Ted Nugent (born), American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and actor (The Amboy Dukes, Damn Yankees, and Damnocracy)
1949 The Knesset votes to move the capital of Israel to Jerusalem.
1953 Ben Bernanke (born), American economist, 14th Chairman of the Federal Reserve
1961 Grandma Moses (died), American painter (born 1860)
1972 Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt begin the third and final Extra-vehicular activity (EVA) or “Moonwalk” of Apollo 17. To date they are the last humans to set foot on the Moon.
1988 Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization, Yasser Arafat, gives a speech at the United Nations General Assembly in Geneva, Switzerland after the United States authorities refused to give him a visa to enter the United States.
2003 Former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein is captured near his home town of Tikrit.
2005 Stanley Williams (died), American gang leader, co-founded the Crips (born 1953)
2006 Lamar Hunt (died), American businessman, co-founded the American Football League and World Championship Tennis (born 1932)
2012 Maurice Herzog (died), French mountaineer (born 1919)
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