1154 Henry II of England is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
1490 Anne, Duchess of Brittany, is married to Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor by proxy.
1554 Philip William (born), Prince of Orange (died 1618)
1606 The Susan Constant, the Godspeed, and the Discovery depart England carrying settlers who found, at Jamestown, Virginia, the first of the thirteen colonies that became the United States.
1714 John Winthrop (born), American astronomer and educator (died 1779)
1776 Thomas Paine publishes one of a series of pamphlets in The Pennsylvania Journal entitled “The American Crisis“.
1777 American Revolutionary War: George Washington’s Continental Army goes into winter quarters at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania.
1796 French Revolutionary Wars: Two British frigates under Commodore Horatio Nelson and two Spanish frigates under Commodore Don Jacobo Stuart engage in battle off the coast of Murcia.
1828 Nullification Crisis: Vice President of the United States John C. Calhoun pens the South Carolina Exposition and Protest, protesting the Tariff of 1828.
1843 Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol goes on sale.
1888 Fritz Reiner (born), Hungarian-American conductor (died 1963)
1899 Martin Luther King, Sr. (born), American pastor, missionary, and activist (died 1984)
1906 Leonid Brezhnev (born), Soviet politician (died 1982)
1915 Alois Alzheimer (died), German psychiatrist and neuropathologist (born 1864)
1920 David Susskind (born), American talk show host and producer (died 1987)
1924 The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England, United Kingdom.
1932 BBC World Service begins broadcasting as the BBC Empire Service
1944 Alvin Lee (born), English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Ten Years After) (died 2013)
1944 Richard Leakey (born), Kenyan paleontologist and politician
1972 –The last manned lunar flight, Apollo 17, crewed by Eugene Cernan, Ron Evans and Harrison Schmitt, returns to Earth.
1975 John Paul Stevens is appointed a justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
1995 The United States Government restores federal recognition to the Nottawaseppi Huron Band of Potawatomi Indian tribe.
1998 The United States House of Representatives forwards articles I and III of impeachment against President Bill Clinton to the Senate.
2001 A record high barometric pressure of 1085.6 mbar (32.06 in Hg) is recorded at Tosontsengel, Khövsgöl in northern Mongolia.