9 February

474        Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire.

1555      Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake.

1621       Gregory XV becomes Pope, the last Pope elected by acclamation.

1711       Luis Vicente de Velasco e Isla (born), Spanish sailor and commander (died 1762)

1737      Thomas Paine (born), English-American philosopher, author, and activist (died 1809)

1751       Antoine Bullant (born), Czech bassoon player and composer (died 1821)

1752      Fredrik Hasselqvist (died), Swedish biologist (born 1722)

1773      William Henry Harrison (born), American general and politician, 9th President of the United States (died 1841)

1775       The British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion.

1777      Seth Pomeroy (died), American gunsmith and soldier (born 1706)

1825      After no presidential candidate receives a majority of electoral votes in the election of 1824, the United States House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams President of the United States.

1839      Silas Adams (born), American lawyer and politician (died 1896)

1846      Wilhelm Maybach (born), German businessman, founded Maybach (died 1929)

1861      Jefferson Davis is elected the Provisional President of the Confederate States of Americaby the Confederate convention at Montgomery, Alabama.

1870      President Ulysses S. Grant signs a joint resolution of Congress establishing the U.S. Weather Bureau.

1881      Fyodor Dostoyevsky (died), Russian author (born 1821)

1889      President Grover Cleveland signs a bill elevating the United States Department of Agriculture to a Cabinet-level agency.

1895      William G. Morgan creates a game called Mintonette, which soon comes to be referred to as volleyball.

1900      The Davis Cup competition is established.

1901      Brian Donlevy (born), Irish actor (died 1972)

1909      Carmen Miranda (born), Portuguese-Brazilian actress, singer, and dancer (died 1955)

1909      Dean Rusk (born), American politician, 54th United States Secretary of State (died 1994)

1910      Jacques Monod (born), French biochemist, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1976)

1913       A group of meteors is visible across much of the eastern seaboard of North and South America, leading astronomers to conclude the source had been a small, short-lived natural satellite of the Earth.

1914       Ernest Tubb (born), American singer-songwriter and guitarist (died 1984)

1928      Roger Mudd (born), American journalist

1930      Garner Ted Armstrong (born), American evangelist (died 2003)

1942      Carole King (born), American singer-songwriter and pianist

1942      Year-round Daylight saving time is re-instated in the United States as a wartime measure to help conserve energy resources.

1943      Joe Pesci (born), American actor, singer, and producer

1943      Joseph E. Stiglitz (born), American economist, Nobel Prize laureate

1943      World War II: Allied authorities declare Guadalcanal secure after Imperial Japan evacuates its remaining forces from the island, ending theBattle of Guadalcanal.

1944      Alice Walker (born), American author and poet

1945      Mia Farrow (born), American actress and singer

1945      World War II: The Battle of the Atlantic HMS Venturer sinks U-864 off the coast of Fedje, Norway, in a rare instance of submarine-to-submarine combat.

1950      Second Red Scare: Senator Joseph McCarthy accuses the United States Department of State of being filled with Communists.

1951       Eddy Duchin (died), American pianist (born 1910)

1951       Korean War: Geochang massacre

1959      The R-7 Semyorka, the first intercontinental ballistic missile, becomes operational at Plesetsk, USSR.

1964      The Beatles make their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, performing before a “record-busting” audience of 73 million viewers.

1965      Vietnam War: The first United States combat troops are sent to South Vietnam.

1966      Sophie Tucker (died), Russian-American actress and singer (born 1884)

1969      First test flight of the Boeing 747.

1969      George “Gabby” Hayes (died), American actor (born 1885)

1971       Apollo program: Apollo 14 returns to Earth after the third manned moon landing.

1971       Satchel Paige becomes the first Negro League player to be voted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

1973      Max Yasgur (died), American farmer, owned the site of the Woodstock Festival (born 1919)

1975      The Soyuz 17 Soviet spacecraft returns to Earth.

1976      Percy Faith (died), Canadian composer and conductor (born 1908)

1977      Alia al-Hussein (died), Queen consort of Jordan, died in a helicopter crash in Amman (born 1948)

1977      Sergey Ilyushin (died), Russian aircraft designer, founded the Ilyushin Design Company (born 1894)

1981      Bill Haley (died), American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Bill Haley & His Comets) (born 1925)

1984      Yuri Andropov (died), Soviet politician (born 1914)

1987      Sam Coulson (born), English guitarist

1996      The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares the end to its 18 month ceasefire and explodes a large bomb in London’s Canary Wharf.

2001      The American submarine USS Greeneville accidentally strikes and sinks the Ehime-Maru, a Japanese training vessel operated by theUwajima Fishery High School.

2002     Princess Margaret (died), Countess of Snowdon (born 1930)

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EO Smith

Interests include biological anthropology, evolution, social behavior, and human behavior. Conducted field research in the Tana River National Primate Reserve, Kenya and on Angaur, Palau, Micronesia, as well as research with captive nonhuman primates at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center and the Institute for Primate Research, National Museums of Kenya.
EO Smith
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