22 June

1276   Pope Innocent V (died) (born 1225)

1633   The Holy Office in Rome forces Galileo Galilei to recant his view that the Sun, not the Earth, is the center of the Universe in the form he presented it in, after heated controversy.

1767    Wilhelm von Humboldt (born), German philosopher and diplomat (died 1835)

1783   A poisonous cloud caused by the eruption of the Laki volcano in Iceland reaches Le Havre in France.

1807   In the Chesapeake–Leopard Affair, the British warship HMS Leopard attacks and boards the American frigate USS Chesapeake.

1813   War of 1812: After learning of American plans for a surprise attack on Beaver Dams in Ontario, Laura Secordsets out on a 30 kilometer journey on foot to warn Lieutenant James FitzGibbon.

1825   The British Parliament abolishes feudalism and the seigneurial system in British North America.

1839   Cherokee leaders Major Ridge, John Ridge, and Elias Boudinot are assassinated for signing the Treaty of New Echota, which had resulted in the Trail of Tears.

1870   US Congress created the United States Department of Justice

1871    William McDougall (born), English psychologist and polymath (died 1938)

1874   Howard Staunton (died), English chess player (born 1810)

1874   Viggo Jensen (born), Danish weightlifter, target shooter, and gymnast (died 1930)

1874   Walter Friedrich Otto (born), German philologist (died 1958)

1887   Julian Huxley (born), English biologist (died 1975)

1897   Edmund A. Chester (born), American journalist and broadcaster (died 1973)

1898   Spanish–American War: United States Marines land in Cuba.

1903   John Dillinger (born), American bank robber (died 1934)

1906   Billy Wilder (born), Austrian-American director, producer, and screenwriter (died 2002)

1906   The flag of Sweden is adopted.

1907   The London Underground’s Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway opens.

1911    George V and Mary of Teck are crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

1919    Gower Champion (born), American dancer and choreographer (died 1980)

1922   Bill Blass (born), American fashion designer, founded Bill Blass Limited (died 2002)

1933   Dianne Feinstein (born), American politician, 38th Mayor of San Francisco

1933   Henry Birkin (died), English race car driver (born 1896)

1936   Kris Kristofferson (born), American singer-songwriter, musician, and actor (The Highwaymen)

1941    Ed Bradley (born), American journalist (died 2006)

1942   August Froehlich (died), German priest (born 1891)

1942   Erwin Rommel is promoted to Field Marshal after the capture of Tobruk.

1943   Brit Hume (born), American journalist

1944   Peter Asher (born), English singer, guitarist, and producer (Peter & Gordon)

1944   U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs into law the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944, commonly known as the G.I. Bill.

1945   The Battle of Okinawa comes to an end.

1947   Howard Kaylan (born), American singer-songwriter (The Turtles, The Mothers of Invention, and Flo & Eddie)

1948   Todd Rundgren (born), American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Nazz, Utopia, and The New Cars)

1949   Alan Osmond (born), American singer (The Osmonds)

1949   Elizabeth Warren (born), American academic and politician

1949   Larry Junstrom (born), American bass player (38 Special and Lynyrd Skynyrd)

1949   Lindsay Wagner (born), American actress

1949   Meryl Streep (born), American actress and singer

1953   Cyndi Lauper (born), American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress (Blue Angel)

1957    The Soviet Union launches an R-12 missile for the first time (in the Kapustin Yar).

1960   Erin Brockovich (born), American lawyer and environmentalist

1964   Amy Brenneman (born), American actress, producer, and screenwriter

1964   Dan Brown (born), American author

1965   David O. Selznick (died), American film producer (born 1902)

1969   Judy Garland (died), American actress and singer (born 1922)

1969   The Cuyahoga River catches fire, triggering a crack-down on pollution in the river.

1970   Steven Page (born), Canadian singer-songwriter and guitarist (Barenaked Ladies)

1973   Carson Daly (born), American television host

1978   Charon, a satellite of the dwarf planet Pluto, is discovered by American astronomer James W. Christy.

1978   Dan Wheldon (born), English race car driver (died 2011)

1984   Virgin Atlantic Airways launches with its first flight from London Heathrow Airport.

1987   Fred Astaire (died), American actor, singer, and dancer (born 1899)

1988   Dennis Day (died), American singer and actor (born 1916)

1990   Checkpoint Charlie is dismantled in Berlin.

2002 –Ann Landers (died), American journalist (born 1918)

2004  Bob Bemer (died), American computer scientist (born 1920)

2008  George Carlin (died), American comedian, actor, and author (born 1937)

2009  Eastman Kodak Company announces that it will discontinue sales of the Kodachrome Color Film, concluding its 74-year run as a photography icon.

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EO Smith

Interests include biological anthropology, evolution, social behavior, and human behavior. Conducted field research in the Tana River National Primate Reserve, Kenya and on Angaur, Palau, Micronesia, as well as research with captive nonhuman primates at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center and the Institute for Primate Research, National Museums of Kenya.
EO Smith
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