10 February

1126       William IX (died), Duke of Aquitaine (born 1071)

1258      Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed.

1278      Margaret II (died), Countess of Flanders (born 1202)

1306      In front of the high altar of Greyfriars Church in Dumfries, Robert the Bruce murders John Comyn sparking revolution in the Scottish Wars of Independence

1355      The St. Scholastica’s Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead in two days.

1567      Lord Darnley, second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, is found strangled following an explosion at the Kirk o’ Field house in Edinburgh, Scotland, a suspected assassination.

1576      Wilhelm Xylander (died), German scholar (born 1532)

1686      William Dugdale (died), English antiquarian (born 1605)

1722      Bartholomew Roberts (died), Welsh pirate (born 1682)

1744      William Cornwallis (born), English admiral (died1819)

1755      Montesquieu (died), French philosopher (born 1689)

1758      Thomas Ripley (died), English architect (born 1682)

1763      The 1763 Treaty of Paris ends the French and Indian War and France cedes Quebec to Great Britain.

1775      Charles Lamb (born), English author (died 1834)

1783      Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy (born), Russian painter (died 1873)

1840      Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom marries Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

1846      First Anglo-Sikh War: Battle of Sobraon  British defeat Sikhs in final battle of the war

1846      Ira Remsen (born), American chemist (died 1927)

1847      Nabinchandra Sen (born), Bengali poet (died 1909)

1861      Jefferson Davis is notified by telegraph that he has been chosen as provisional President of the Confederate States of America.

1862      A Union naval flotilla destroys the bulk of the Confederate Mosquito Fleet in the Battle of Elizabeth City on the Pasquotank River in North Carolina.

1870      The YWCA is founded in New York City.

1890      Boris Pasternak (born), Russian author and poet, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1960)

1890      Fanni Kaplan (born), Russian activist and rebel (died 1918)

1893      Jimmy Durante (born), American actor and singer (died 1980)

1898      Bertolt Brecht (born), German author (died 1956)

1906      HMS Dreadnought, the first of a revolutionary new breed of battleships is christened and launched by King Edward VII.

1906      Lon Chaney, Jr. (born), American actor (died 1973)

1912       Joseph Lister (died), 1st Baron Lister, English surgeon (born 1827)

1920      Alex Comfort (born), English physician and author (died 2000)

1923      Texas Tech University is founded as Texas Technological College in Lubbock, Texas

1923      Wilhelm Röntgen (died), German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1845)

1927      Leontyne Price (born), American soprano

1929      Jerry Goldsmith (born), American composer and conductor (died 2004)

1929      Jim Whittaker (born), American mountaineer

1929      Lou Whittaker (born), American mountaineer

1930      E. L. Konigsburg (born), American author and illustrator (died 2013)

1930      Robert Wagner (born), American actor

1937      Roberta Flack (born), American singer-songwriter and pianist

1939      Spanish Civil War: The Nationalists conclude their conquest of Catalonia and seal the border with France.

1940      The Soviet Union begins mass deportations of Polish citizens from occupied eastern Poland to Siberia.

1947      Nicholas Owen (born), English journalist

1949      Nigel Olsson (born), English drummer, songwriter, and producer (The Spencer Davis Group and Plastic Penny)

1950      Marcel Mauss (died), French sociologist (born 1872)

1950      Mark Spitz (born), American swimmer

1954      President Dwight Eisenhower warns against United States intervention in Vietnam.

1955      Jim Cramer (born), American financier and author, co-founded TheStreet.com

1961       George Stephanopoulos (born), American journalist

1962      Captured American U2 spy-plane pilot Gary Powers is exchanged for captured Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.

1962      Roy Lichtenstein’s first solo exhibition opened, and it included Look Mickey, which featured his first employment of Ben-Day dots, speech balloons and comic imagery sourcing, all of which he is now known for.

1964      Glenn Beck (born), American journalist, producer, and author

1967      The 25th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified.

1989      Ron Brown is elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee becoming the first African American to lead a major American political party.

1992      Alex Haley (died), American author (born 1921)

1996      The IBM supercomputer Deep Blue defeats Garry Kasparov in chess for the first time.

1998      Voters in Maine repeal a gay rights law passed in 1997 becoming the first U.S. state to abandon such a law.

2002     Dave Van Ronk (died), American singer-songwriter and guitarist (born 1936)

2003     Ron Ziegler (died), American politician, White House Press Secretary (born 1939)

2005     Arthur Miller (died), American playwright (born 1915)

2009     The communication satellites Iridium 33 and Kosmos-2251 collide in orbit, destroying both.

2013      36 people are killed and 39 injured in a stampede in Allahabad, India, during the Kumbh Mela festival.

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EO Smith

Interests include biological anthropology, evolution, social behavior, and human behavior. Conducted field research in the Tana River National Primate Reserve, Kenya and on Angaur, Palau, Micronesia, as well as research with captive nonhuman primates at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center and the Institute for Primate Research, National Museums of Kenya.
EO Smith
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