1202 Joachim of Fiore (died), Italian mystic and theologian (born 1135)
1432 Mehmed the Conqueror (born), Ottoman sultan (died 1481)
1559 Adam Ries (died), German mathematician (born 1492)
1746 Francisco Goya (born), Spanish painter (died 1828)
1750 John Stafford Smith (born), English organist and composer (died 1836)
1783 William Hunter (died), Scottish anatomist and physician (born 1718)
1811 Robert Bunsen (born), German chemist (died 1899)
1820 Anna Sewell (born), English author (died 1878)
1822 The Florida Territory is created in the United States.
1840 Beau Brummell (died), English fashion designer (born 1778)
1842 Ether anesthesia is used for the first time, in an operation by the American surgeon Dr. Crawford Long.
1842 Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun (died), French painter (born 1755)
1853 Vincent van Gogh (born), Dutch painter (died 1890)
1856 The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Crimean War.
1863 Mary Calkins (born), American philosopher and psychologist (died 1930)
1864 Franz Oppenheimer (born), German-American sociologist and economist (died 1943)
1867 Alaska is purchased from Russia for $7.2 million, about 2¢/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward.
1870 Texas is readmitted to the Union following Reconstruction.
1880 Seán O’Casey (born), Irish playwright (died 1964)
1882 Melanie Klein (born), Austrian-English psychoanalyst (died 1960)
1894 Sergey Ilyushin (born), Russian engineer, founded Ilyushin Aircraft Company (died 1977)
1899 German Society of Chemistry issued an invitation to other national scientific organizations to appoint delegates to the International Committee on Atomic Weights.
1902 Brooke Astor (born), American philanthropist (died 2007)
1902 Ted Heath (born), English trombonist and composer (died 1969)
1909 The Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan and Queens.
1910 The Mississippi Legislature founds The University of Southern Mississippi.
1912 Sultan Abdelhafid signs the Treaty of Fez, making Morocco a French protectorate.
1913 Frankie Laine (born), American singer-songwriter, and actor (died 2007)
1914 Sonny Boy Williamson (born), American singer and harmonica player (died 1948)
1926 Ingvar Kamprad (born), Swedish businessman, founded IKEA
1926 Peter Marshall (born), American actor, singer, and game show host
1929 Richard Dysart (born), American actor
1937 Warren Beatty (born), American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter
1938 Klaus Schwab (born), German economist, founded the World Economic Forum
1940 Astrud Gilberto (born), Brazilian singer-songwriter
1941 Bob Smith (born), American politician
1941 Graeme Edge (born), English singer-songwriter and drummer (Moody Blues)
1944 Allied bombing raid on Nuremberg. Along the English eastern coast 795 aircraft are dispatched. The bombers meet resistance at the coasts of Belgium and the Netherlands from German fighters. In total, 95 bombers are lost, making it the largest RAF Bomber Command loss of World War II.
1945 Eric Clapton (born), English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (The Yardbirds, Cream, The Dirty Mac, Blind Faith, and Free Creek)
1945 World War II: Soviet Union forces invade Austria and take Vienna; Polish and Soviet forces liberate Gdańsk.
1948 Eddie Jordan (born), Irish race car driver, founded Jordan Grand Prix
1949 Naomi Sims (born), American model and author (died 2009)
1954 The Yonge Street subway line opens in Toronto. It is the first subway in Canada.
1962 MC Hammer (born), American rapper and actor
1964 Tracy Chapman (born), American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1965 Piers Morgan (born), English journalist
1965 Vietnam War: A car bomb explodes in front of the US Embassy, Saigon, killing 22 and wounding 183 others.
1966 Joey Castillo (born), American drummer and songwriter (Queens of the Stone Age, Eagles of Death Metal, Danzig, Sugartooth, and Zilch)
1968 Celine Dion (born), Canadian singer-songwriter
1972 The Easter Offensive begins after North Vietnamese forces cross into the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) of South Vietnam.
1976 The first Land Day protests are held in Israel/Palestine.
1981 DeWitt Wallace, American publisher (died), co-founded Reader’s Digest (born 1889)
1981 President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C., hotel by John Hinckley, Jr. Another 2 people were wounded at the same time.
1986 James Cagney (died), American actor and dancer (born 1899)
2002 Queen Elizabeth (died), The Queen Mother of the United Kingdom (born 1900)
2004 Alistair Cooke (died), English-American journalist (born 1908)
2006 The United Kingdom Terrorism Act 2006 becomes a law.
2013 Phil Ramone (died), South African-American record producer, co-founded A & R Recording (born 1934)
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